Induction hardening


Hardening is a process of heating followed by cooling generally fast for increase hardness and mechanical strength of steel.

To this end, the steel is heated to a temperature slightly higher than the upper critical (between 850-900ºC) and then cooled more or less quickly (depending on the characteristics of steel) in a medium such as oil, air, water, water mixed with soluble polymers, etc.

There are different methods for heating such as electric oven, gas cooker, salt, flame, induction, etc.

The steels that are normally used in induction hardening contain from 0.3% to 0.7% carbon (hypoeutectic steels).

Induction hardening advantages

  • It treats a specific part of the piece (hardening profile).
  • Frequency Control and heating times.
  • Cooling control.
  • Energy saving.
  • No physical contact.
  • Control and located heat.
  • Can be integrated in production lines.
  • Increase performance and saves space.

How Induction hardening works

Induction hardening can be done in two different ways:

Static (single shot)

Induction hardening of tripod housing stem by single shot

Consists of setting the part in front of the inductor and carrying out the operation without moving either the part or the inductor.

This type of operation is very fast, requires only simple mechanics and enables a very accurate localisation of the treated area, even with parts with complicated geometry.

Progressive (scanning)

Induction hardening of shaft by scanning

Consists of going over the part with a continuous operation, moving either the part or the inductor. This kind of operation means that parts with large surfaces and large sizes can be treated.

For the same kind of part the scanning treatment requires less power with longer treatment time in compare to static treatment.

Other Heat Treatments

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